<th id="n8lpc"></th>

<button id="n8lpc"><object id="n8lpc"></object></button>

  • <dd id="n8lpc"></dd>

    <tbody id="n8lpc"></tbody>
    訂閱

    多平臺閱讀

    微信訂閱

    雜志

    申請紙刊贈閱

    訂閱每日電郵

    移動應用

    商業 - 房地產

    美國建筑業怪現象

    Nin-Hai Tseng 2012年12月12日

    美國房地產市場呈現反彈的可喜跡象,房屋開工量有所增加。然而,政府報告顯示,居民住宅建筑類崗位卻在日益減少。到底是怎么回事?

    ????經過五年低迷期后,美國房地產市場終于渡過難關:大部分地區的住房價格出現上漲。建筑商建造的房屋數量也呈上漲趨勢,從托爾兄弟公司(Toll Brothers)到萊納房屋公司(Lennar),部分大公司的利潤猛增。

    ????然而,從美國政府的就業報告中,卻看不出房地產市場好轉的跡象。美國勞工統計局(Bureau of Labor Statistics)公布11月份的月度就業報告后,杰德·科爾克(來自住宅物業信息服務網站Trulia)在上周五的一份報告中提出了這一觀點。

    ????隨著經濟好轉,就業機會增加,然而,建筑業的就業形勢似乎并未出現好轉跡象。因此,人們對政府的統計數據更加疑惑:如果建筑商建造了更多房屋,為何我們卻沒有看到建筑工作崗位的增加呢?

    ????美國商務部(the U.S. Commerce Department)11月份報告稱,10月份,美國房屋開工率提高了3.6%,全年開工894,000戶,為五年來的最高水平,比去年提高了41.9%。上周的數據顯示,截至10月31日,美國最大的豪華房屋建筑商托爾兄弟公布,季度收入增長了48%。托爾兄弟投資者關系高級副總裁弗萊德·庫珀稱,公司2012年建造的房屋數量比去年增加了26%。公司預計,2013年建造的房屋數量將增加34%,多出約4,400套。

    ????然而,就業統計數據并未反映出建筑數量的增加??茽柨嗽趫蟾嬷蟹Q,過去三個月,建筑類崗位總體同比減少了0.4%(年度比率),而美國總體就業卻增長了1.3%。尤其值得注意的是,居民住宅建筑類工作年簽約率僅為7%。

    ????人們通常認為,一旦房地產市場有所好轉,經濟將會大規模復蘇:畢竟,據行業組織美國全國住房建筑商協會(National Association of Home Builders)估算,每建造一套住房可產生三個全職工作,新增90,000美元的稅收收入。

    ????美國勞工部的數據顯示,自2009年6月“大衰退”結束時起,住宅建筑類工作崗位從633,000個減少到11月的552,800個,減少了14.5%。同一時期,失業率從9.5%減少到7.7%。失業率減少,一方面反映了經濟形勢的好轉,另一方面,也是因為更多工人對經濟沒有信心,進而放棄求職。

    ????問題是,建筑行業的情況到底怎么樣?

    ????After a 5-year slump, the U.S. housing market has turned the corner: Home prices are rising in many parts of the country. And builders are building more homes, as some of the biggest from Toll Brothers to Lennar see profits soar.

    ????But you wouldn't know it by looking at the government's report on jobs. That's a point economist Jed Kolko of Trulia, a residential-property listings website, raised in a report last Friday when the Bureau of Labor Statistics released its monthly report for November.

    ????Even though the economy has steadily added jobs, it doesn't seem to have caught on in the construction industry. This adds to the many confusions over the government's statistics: If builders are building more homes, why aren't we seeing more construction jobs?

    ????In October, housing starts rose 3.6% to an annual pace of 894,000 – the best rate in more than five years and 41.9% higher than a year earlier, the U.S. Commerce Department reported in November. And last week, Toll Brothers (TOL), the largest U.S. luxury homebuilder, reported that revenues jumped 48% during the quarter ending on Oct. 31. Fred Cooper, senior vice president of investor relations at Toll Brothers, says the company built 26% more homes in 2012 compared with the previous year. And in 2013, it expects to build up to 34% or 4,400 more units.

    ????The employment statistics haven't reflected more building, however. During the past three months, construction jobs overall decreased by an annual rate of 0.4%, while employment overall grew by 1.3%, Kolko says in a report. And jobs, specifically in residential-building construction, contracted at an annualized rate of 7%.

    ????It's often thought that once the housing market turned around, the economy would see it in a big way: After all, each home built generates three full-time jobs and $90,000 in new tax revenue, the National Association of Home Builders, a trade group, estimates.

    ????Since the end of the Great Recession in June 2009, jobs in homebuilding dropped 14.5% from 633,000 to 552,800 in November, according to data from the U.S. Labor Department. During the same period, the unemployment rate declined from 9.5% to 7.7%. Part of the drop reflects an improving economy, but it also comes as more workers feeling uncertain about the economy give up searching for work.

    ????The question is where does the construction industry fit into this picture?

    1 2 下一頁

    我來點評

      最新文章

    最新文章:

    500強情報中心

    財富專欄